Collingwood, Canada 2020

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Collingwood is a small town located in Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada. The city is located on Nottawasaga Bay at the southern end of Georgian Bay. Collingwood is a popular tourist destination offering skiing activities in the winter and views of the limestone caves located along the Niagara Escarpment during the summers.

The people of Collingwood

Aerial view of Blue Mountain resort and village during fall in Collingwood, Ontario, Canada.

Collingwood is home to a population of 24,811 with a median age of 49 and a population density of 748 people per square kilometer. The majority of residents are white, and the largest visible minority population in the city is Chinese, followed by Filipinos, then South Asians. Collingwood’s largest Aboriginal population is Métis, who make up 50% of the total Aboriginal population. About 92% of Collingwood’s population speaks English as their primary language, while the rest speak both English and French.

Collingwood Climate

Blue Mountain Village on a snowy winter day in Collingwood, Ontario, Canada
Blue Mountain Village on a snowy winter day in Collingwood, Ontario, Canada. Editorial credit: AnjelikaGr / Shutterstock.com

According to the Köppen climate classification, Collingwood experiences a hot-summer humid continental climate. The hottest month is July, with an average temperature of 20.7°C, and February is the coolest month, with an average low temperature of -6.4°C. Collingwood receives modest amounts of snow and rain throughout the year due to its location in the snowbelt region.

Collingwood’s Economy

The median household income in Collingwood is $64,369 per year and the unemployment rate is as low as 5.6%. Collingwood’s economy employs approximately 55% of the city’s workforce in different sectors including health care and social care, hospitality, retail, manufacturing, and construction. Collingwood is an important recreation area in the southern part of the province due to its location on the southern shore of Georgian Bay and close to Blue Mountain.

A brief history of Collingwood

Port of Collingwood, Collingwood, Ontario, Canada
Old, disused 100-foot-tall storage terminals tower over Collingwood Harbor on Georgian Bay with many recreational boats. Editorial credit: LesPalenik / Shutterstock.com

The land on which Collingwood was built was once inhabited by the Iroquoian-speaking Petun Nation, who formed a series of villages in the area near the Niagara Escarpment. In the 1840s, European settlers and formerly enslaved blacks arrived in the area, introducing a new religion and culture. In 1858, Collingwood was incorporated as a town nearly a decade before Confederation. Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood was Lord Nelson’s second in command at the Battle of Trafalgar. Cuthbert took command of the British fleet after Nelson’s death.

In 1855, the Ontario, Simcoe & Huron Railway arrived in Collingwood, and the port became the main shipping point for goods destined for the upper Great Lakes ports of Chicago and Port Arthur-Fort William. The maritime activity created a demand for ship repairs and established a well-organized shipbuilding business. In September 1901, the Huronic, Canada’s first steel-hulled ship, was launched at Collingwood. During the Second World War, shipyards helped produce corvettes for the Royal Canadian Navy. At this time, shipbuilding was one of Collingwood’s main industries, employing up to 10% of the total workforce. However, the industry only lasted until September 1986, as it could not survive competition overseas and shipbuilding overcapacity in Canada. Through government incentive programs, Collingwood managed to attract eleven manufacturing companies in 1971 and eight more in 1983, becoming the region’s largest industrial employer.

Sights & Landmarks in Collingwood

Tourists and visitors in Blue Mountain Village in Collingwood, Ontario, Canada.
Tourists and visitors in the Blue Mountain Village in Collingwood, Ontario, Canada. Editorial credit: Lester Balajadia / Shutterstock.com

Collingwood offers many recreational activities in summer or winter. The city has 12 parks offering a total of eight baseball diamonds, eight tennis courts, five football fields, three beaches and an ice rink. Due to the city’s location at the foot of Ontario’s highest ski resort, Blue Mountain, visitors can swim, hike, bike, snowboard, and downhill ski. Visitors can also enjoy several festivals in the area, such as the Collingwood Elvis Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, and Triathlon. Collingwood is also a short distance from Wasaga Beach Provincial Park, a destination that received Biosphere Reserve designation in 2004.

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